adverb

as; as being; in the character or capacity of: The work of art qua art can be judged by aesthetic criteria only.

Examples:

There is a particular difficulty in discerning whether this book is good, not because the text qua text is somehow elusive or inscrutable but because one struggles to read it without sweeping for psychological clues.
Katy Waldman, "The Idealized, Introverted Wives of Mackenzie Bezos's Fiction," The New Yorker, January 23, 2019 ... the privilege that attaches to a client's confidences to his lawyer is limited to that which is revealed to him in secrecy, only qua lawyer, as distinguished from qua agent or quanegotiator or qua friend.
Copal Mintz, "Accountancy and Law: Should Dual Practice Be Proscribed?" ABA Journal, March 1967

Origin:
The English adverb qua “in the capacity of, as being” comes from the Latin interrogative, relative, and indefinite adverb quā, one of whose many meanings is “in the manner in which, as.” In form, quā is the ablative singular feminine of the interrogative and indefinite pronoun and adjective quī, quae (qua), quod, which all but guarantees many syntactic uses. Qua entered English in the mid-17th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
2 hours ago
verb (used without object)

to move in a tumbling, irregular manner, as boiling water.

noun

a poppling motion.

Examples:

The breeze had so far raised no more than a little ripple on the water, so that the boat poppled, and thumped gently, as it drifted along, but kept all the time one general course.
Frederick H. Costello, Sure-Dart, 1909

The leaves upon the aspen-tree / They poppled in the breeze / And held the drifting harmony / Of music in the trees.
Liberty Hyde Bailey, "Symphony," Wind and Weather, 1916

Origin:
It is difficult to analyze the parts of popple, and most authorities say “imitative”—of the motion, of the sound, of both? There are possible related words in Frisian popelje “to throb, bubble up” and Dutch popelen “to throb, quiver (with emotion),” and German dialect poppeln “to bubble, bubble up." Popple in the sense of "to move in a tumbling, irregular manner" entered English by the 15th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
a day ago
adjective

skillful; ingenious.

Examples:

After dinner, they took a turn in the garden; where Leontine was surprized [sic] to see how greatly the daedalhand of nature had been improved by the assistance of art.
"The Danger of Deception; or, Loves of Clora and Leontine," The New Novelist's Magazine, Vol. 1, 1787

An unrestrained genius with a daedalmind, Plumer was New Hampshire's only Jeffersonian.
John Reid, "The Arena of the Giants: Rockingham County, New Hampshire," ABA Journal, February 1960

Origin:
The adjective daedal (also spelled dedal) comes via the Latin adjective daedalus and proper noun Daedalus from the Greek adjective daídalos “skillful, skillfully made” and proper noun Daídalos, the mythical Athenian hero who built the Labyrinth at Knossos for King Minos and was the father of Icarus. Further etymology is unclear: daídalos is likely to be from a pre-Greek language. Daedal entered English in the late 16th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
2 days ago
noun

a person who talks or acts agreeably to someone, in order to keep that person in good humor, especially in the hope of gaining something.

Examples:

Certainly he would never dream that a "jollier" could become the leader of a great English political party.
Edward Porrit, "Paradoxes of Gladstone's Popularity," Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1909, 1911

The Jollier jollied Mr. Thompson up and down the sweet nerve of flattery in a manner truly artistic, then came away with a double half column ad.
J. Angus MacDonald, Successful Advertising: How to Accomplish It, 1902

Origin:
The noun jollier, a derivative of the informal verb jolly “to talk or act agreeably in order to keep someone in good humor, especially in the hope of gaining something,” is an Americanism dating back to the end of the 19th century. If only there were fewer jolliers and “jollyees.” #vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #music
1
3 days ago
noun

the art or practice of wearing costumes to portray characters from fiction, especially from manga, animation, and science fiction.

verb (used with object)

to portray (a fictional character) by dressing in costume.

verb (used without object)

to take part in cosplay: He cosplayed as a Jedi from Star Wars.

Examples:

Although cosplay isn’t a requirement at Comic-Con, many people participate, and they take it extremely seriously.
Michael Hardy, "The Best Costumes at Comic-Con 2018," Wired, July 23, 2018

The goal, many cosplayers interviewed said, is to disrupt popular ideas of what cosplay can and should look like and to help create a more racially tolerant environment through cosplay, both in Black Panther costumes and outside of them.
Walter Thompson-Hernández, "'Black Panther' Cosplayers: 'We're Helping People See Us as Heroes," New York Times, February 15, 2018

Origin:
Cosplay is a blend of costume and play, but the combination is masking a much more complex performance. Japanese borrowed the English compound noun costume play(as in theater) and rendered it into its sound system as kosuchūmu-purē, which was shortened by the 1980s to kosupure and narrowed to the more specific sense “the art or practice of wearing costumes to portray characters from fiction, especially from manga, animation, and science fiction” (as well as characters from video games). English borrowed back kosupure and refashioned it as cosplay by the 1990s. Japanese words like kosupure are considered pseudo-English Japanese coinages known as wasei-eigo. Other familiar examples adopted into English from Japanese include salaryman, anime, and Pokémon, the latter itself a popular subject of cosplay.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
4 days ago
noun

a written symbol that represents an idea or object directly rather than a particular word or speech sound, as a Chinese character.

Examples:

Ideograms are symbols that represent ideas or concepts rather than objects themselves—a circle with a line through it (🚫) to indicate prohibition, for example. Many emoji are hybrids of ideograms and pictograms.
Ian Bogost, "Emoji Don't Mean What They Used To," The Atlantic, February 11, 2019

Chinese characters are based on the simplified outlines of concrete elements in the visible world. Reduced to abstract lines and combined together, these yield the thousands of characters called ideograms, i.e.: idea transcribers.
Souren Melikian, "Separating East from West with a calligrapher's touch," New York Times, June 20, 2008

Origin:
An ideogram or ideograph is “a written symbol that represents an idea or object directly rather than a word or speech sound, as a Chinese character.” Ideogram and ideograph literally mean “a written idea,” from Greek idéa “idea” and the noun grámma or the Greek combining form -graphos, both meaning “something written,” which are derivatives of the verb gráphein“to write.” Because ideograms convey meaning, not words or sounds, 5 can be pronounced five, fünf, pięć, pĕt, pénte, pémpe, or in several thousand other ways. Ideogram and ideograph both entered English in the first half of the 19th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative
0
5 days ago
adjective

giving only the illusion of plenty; illusory: a Barmecidal banquet.

Examples:

The men employed by Mr. Hackley, the Street Contractor, assembled yesterday, the regular pay-day, at the office, in the Park, to receive their semi-monthly wages, but they were met by the assurance that there was no money, and that it was only a Barmecidal pay-day.
"The Street Contractor's Pay-Day, but no Money," New York Times, January 22, 1862

Why ... did I leave the Great Gatsby bemoaning not the Barmecidalmousetrap of the American dream, but rather the director’s Liza-Minnelli-performing-“All-the-Single-Ladies”-in-Sex-and-the-City-2 style of adapting epic tragedies?
Moze Halperin, "How '#Rich Kids of Beverly Hills' Makes 'The Wolf of Wall Street,' 'Gatsby,' and 'The Bling Ring' Obsolete," Flavorwire, January 29, 2014

Origin:
It is forgivable, even rational—but nevertheless incorrect—to think that Barmecidal means something like “killing Barm or a Barm or a barm or barms,” just as the adjective homicidal is formed from the noun homicide. Analyzing Barmecidal from back to front, we see the familiar adjectival suffix -al. The element -id or -ide is the not so familiar Greek noun suffix -id, a feminine patronymic suffix having the general sense “offspring of, descendant of,” and used especially with the names of dynasties (such as Pisistratid, Abbasid, Attalid). The first two syllables, Barmec-, come from Persian Barmak, the name of a wealthy Iranian family that was very influential in Baghdad under the Abassid dynasty, and famous for its patronage of the arts and sciences. A Barmecidal banquet (or feast) refers to a story from the The Arabian Nights Entertainments; its “hero” is Ja'far ibn Yahya Barmaki (Ja'far al-Barmaki, also Giafar), who served a beggar a series of empty platters, pretending the empty platters were a sumptuous feast, a fiction or nasty joke that the beggar cheerfully accepted.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing
0
6 days ago
noun

an obstacle, hindrance, or obstruction.

Examples: ... notwithstanding the remora of their dismasted ship, and the disadvantage of repairing damages at sea, the French fleet arrived in safety ....
David Price, Memoirs of the Early Life and Service of a Field Officer, 1839

The great remora to any improvement in our civil code, is the reduction that such reform must produce in the revenue.
Charles Caleb Colton, Lacon; or, Many Things in Few Words, Vol. 1, 1820

Origin:
Remora comes directly from Latin remora“hindrance, delay,” composed of the prefix re- “back, backward, again” and the noun mora “delay, obstacle, pause.” Other English words ultimately derived from mora include moratorium and demur. Remora is first recorded in English in the early 16th century as a name for the suckerfish, which has sucking disks on its head by which it can attach to the likes of sharks, turtles, and ships. This name is found in Late Latin in the 4th century a.d., so called because the fish was believed to slow the progress of ships. In Book 32, Chapter 1 of his Natural History, Pliny the Elder (a.d. 23–79 ) gives mora as a classical Latin gloss of Greek echenēis, literally meaning “holding (back) a ship,” and marvels at the supposed power of these fish: “But alas for human vanity!—when their prows, beaked as they are with brass and with iron, and armed for the onset, can thus be arrested and rivetted to the spot by a little fish, not more than some half foot in length!” (translated by John Bostock and Henry T. Riley, 1855). Remorain the archaic sense “obstacle, hindrance, obstruction” entered English by the early 1600s.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips
0
7 days ago
noun

reason or justification for being or existence: Art is the artist's raison d'être.

Examples:

He would have no raison d'être if there were no lugubrious miseries in the world, as an undertaker would have no meaning if there were no funerals.
D. H. Lawrence, Women in Love, 1920

After all, measuring risk, and setting prices accordingly, is the raison d’êtreof a health-insurance company.
James Surowiecki, "Fifth Wheel," The New Yorker, December 27, 2009

Origin:
The quasi-English phrase raison d'être“reason of being” is still unnaturalized, retaining a French pronunciation of sorts. The English noun reason comes from Middle English reason, raisoun, raison (with still more spelling variants), from Old French reason, reason, raison, etc., from Latin ratiō(inflectional stem ratiōn-), whose many meanings include “a count, calculation, reckoning (as in business or accounts), theory (as opposed to practice), faculty or exercise of reason.” The French preposition de “of, for” becomes d’ before a vowel. Decomes from the Latin preposition dē “away, away from, down, down from.” The development from dē to Romance de, di “of” can be seen over the centuries in graffiti, epitaphs, and personal letters. St. Augustine of Hippo defended vulgarisms (which after all became standard in Romance): “Better that grammarians condemn us than that the common people not understand.” Être is the French infinitive “to be,” and as is typical in French, it is much worn down from its original. In Old French the infinitive was estre, a regular development of Vulgar Latin essere “to be,” from Latin esse. Esse in Latin is an archaism, and the infinitives of nearly all other verbs end in -ere or -āre, or -īre. In Vulgar Latin, however, esse is an anomaly, and the Vulgus “the common people” simple regularized esse to essere. (Essere is even today the infinitive of the verb “to be” in standard Italian.) French loses a vowel after a stressed syllable; thus essere becomesessre (esre), and esre develops an excrescent consonant t between s and r for ease of pronunciation. Raison d'être first appears in English in a letter written in 1864 by John Stuart Mill.

#vocabularybuilding #writersofinstagram
0
8 days ago
noun

a party or reception for a newly married couple.

Examples:

There could be no wedding in a Hoosier village thirty or forty years ago without an infare on the following day.
Edward Eggleston, Roxy, 1878

Dr. Graham, an entertaining Kentucky centenarian now living, describes the wedding of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, and also the "infare" that followed it—a Homeric marriage feast to which everybody was bidden ....
E. G. J., "New Light on Lincoln's Life," The Dial, March 16, 1900

Origin:
Infare comes from the Old English noun infǣr “a going in, entrance.” In Scots and Ulster English, infare also meant “a party or reception for a newly married couple,” a sense that the Scotch-Irish brought to the U.S. by the late 18th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
9 days ago
adjective

disposed to perceive one's environment in visual terms and to recall sights more vividly than sounds, smells, etc.

Examples:

Some persons are "eye-minded." They particularly enjoy seeing things, and retain visual memories far longer than any other.
Alfred N. Goldsmith, "Electrical Entertainment: A Glimpse Into the Future," New York Times, March 22, 1931

He is a good visualizer, and is eye-minded in every respect.
Joseph Jastrow, "Further Study of Involuntary Movements," The Popular Science Monthly, September 1892

Origin:
Eye-minded “tending to perceive one's environment in visual terms and to recall sights more vividly than sounds or smells” was originally and still is a term used in psychology. Eye-minded has a companion term ear-minded dating from the same year (1888). A third related term motor-minded“tending to perceive one's environment in terms of mechanical or muscular activity” dates to the end of the 19th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
12 days ago
adjective

bookish; pedantic.

Examples:

Sir Richard was not exactly donnish, but there was an element of the academic in what seemed otherwise to be a traditional, bird-slaughtering, upper-rank Englishman.
John Malcolm, The Gwen John Sculpture, 1985 ... [William Safire] founded our On Language column in February 1979 and proceeded to write tens of thousands of words about phrases (fashionable and not), usages (proper and not), roots (definitive and not) and his own donnish taste — not! ...
Gerald Marzorati, "On Language with Ben Zimmer," New York Times, March 16, 2010

Origin:
The adjective donnish “bookish, pedantic” is a derivative of the Oxbridge term don “a head, fellow, or tutor of a college.” The English noun comes from the Spanish title of respect Don prefixed to a man’s name, as Don Quixote. Spanish don, Portuguese domultimately come from Late Latin domnus, a shortening of Latin dominus “lord, master.” Domnus is also the source of Italian Donno, usually reduced to Don, a title of respect for a man, such as Don Corleone. Latin domina“mistress (of a household), lady (of the imperial family)” is the feminine of dominus, and the source of French and English dame, Spanish doña, Portuguese dona, and Italian donna “woman, lady of the house” and Madonna, literally “my lady,” not only a title of the Virgin Mary, but also a respectful form of address equivalent to French madame. In medieval Florence Madonna was shortened to Mona “Ma’am,” an informal but respectful title for a married woman, such as Mona Lisa. In the Neapolitan dialect (and other southern Italian dialects), intervocalic dbecomes r, Madonna thereby becoming Maronna, the final a falling away, leaving the interjection Maronn’, a cry of exasperation. Donna has become a female given name in some parts of the United States with large Italian American populations. Donnish entered English in the early 19th century.

#vocabularybuilding #expandhorizons #smarteryou #nowyouknow #grandeloquent #writerstips #writersofinstagram #writing #creativewriting #creativity #creative #fiction #history #science #sciencefiction
0
13 days ago